Le groupe Carlyle achète Booz Allen Hamilton

30 05 2008

article repris d’Intelligence Online:

Parmi les 80 vice-présidents de la branche gouvernementale de Booz Allen Hamilton, acquise par le Carlyle Group (lire l’éditorial p.1), une dizaine sont explicitement en charge d’une agence américaine de renseignement.

Au siège de Booz Allen Hamilton à McLean en Virginie, les vice-présidents « renseignement » gèrent essentiellement deux types de prestation : la formation des cadres et la fourniture de systèmes critiques aux agences. Quasiment toutes font appel à ses services : NSA, DIA, CIA, NRO, NGA (voir schéma). Même l’IARPA, nouvelle cellule R&D de l’Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), s’appuie sur les évaluations technologiques de la firme.

La formation des personnels du renseignement constitue une rente pour Booz Allen. Depuis près de dix ans, le groupe coache les cadres du NRO (programme Future Focus). Il a aussi briefé 1 500 analystes de la DIA sur la culture « maison » et les outils de partage du renseignement. En 2005, le FBI lui avait confié la formation d’urgence de 1 000 nouveaux analystes (ACES Program). A l’ODNI, en plus de développer des modules de formations inter-agences, les consultants de Booz Allen travaillent beaucoup sur les ressources humaines, en développant un annuaire de compétences, en supervisant et rationalisant le recours à des sous-traitants et en évaluant le « climat social » qui règne dans la communauté.

Au niveau équipement, Booz Allen est positionné sur les contrats les plus sensibles : conception des nouveaux outils de cryptographie (Cryptographic Modernization Program, NSA) ; modernisation d’infrastructures informatiques (contrat Ground Breaker, NSA, et Encore II, DISA) ; mise en place d’un système de partage du renseignement (contrat Diescon 3, DIA), etc.



L’annulation de la dette du tiers-monde n’est rien comparé à la crise hypothécaire

19 03 2008

repris du réseau voltaire:

par Éric Toussaint*, Damien Millet*
Alors que de grandes banques et des fonds de placement s’effondrent un peu partout dans les pays du Nord, les dirigeants des principales banques mondiales évoquent une simple correction du système, certes douloureuse, mais pas dramatique. Pour Damien Millet et Éric Toussaint, cette réaction est bien la preuve que l’annulation de la dette du tiers-monde —qui serait moins sèvére que l’actuelle crise— n’est pas une utopie, mais une exigence réalisable.

Depuis août 2007, les banques nord-américaines et européennes sont sous les feux de l’actualité à cause de la crise très sévère qu’elles traversent, et qu’elles font traverser au système économique néolibéral dans son ensemble. Le montant actuel des dépréciations d’actifs auxquelles elles ont dû procéder dépasse 200 milliards de dollars. Plusieurs services d’études des banques et des économistes chevronnés considèrent que la facture dépassera 1000 milliards de dollars [1].

Comment les banques ont-elles pu construire un montage de dettes aussi irrationnel ? Avides de profits, les organismes de crédits hypothécaires ont prêté à un secteur de la population déjà fortement endetté. Les conditions de ces prêts à haut rendement (pour le prêteur) constituent une véritable arnaque : le taux est fixe et raisonnable au cours des deux premières années puis augmente fortement ensuite. Les prêteurs affirmaient aux emprunteurs que le bien qu’ils achetaient gagnerait rapidement de la valeur vu l’augmentation des prix du secteur immobilier. Le hic, c’est que la bulle du secteur immobilier a fini par exploser en 2007 et les prix ont commencé inexorablement à baisser. Comme le nombre de défauts de paiement s’est considérablement accru, les organismes de crédit hypothécaire ont éprouvé des difficultés à rembourser leurs dettes. Les grandes banques, pour se protéger, ont refusé de leur octroyer de nouveaux prêts ou ont exigé des taux beaucoup plus élevés. Mais la spirale ne s’est pas arrêtée là car les banques avaient acheté les créances hypothécaires en très grande quantité, et largement hors bilan en créant des sociétés spécifiques appelées Structured Investment Vehicles (SIV), qui finançaient l’achat de créances hypothécaires à haut rendement transformés en titres (CDO, Collateralized Debt Obligations).

A partir d’août 2007, les investisseurs ont cessé d’acheter les commercial papers émis sans garantie par les SIV dont la santé et la crédibilité s’étaient fortement détériorées. En conséquence, les SIV ont manqué de liquidité pour acheter les crédits hypothécaires titrisés et la crise s’est amplifiée. Les grandes banques qui avaient créé ces SIV ont dû assumer les engagements de ceux-ci pour éviter qu’ils ne tombent en faillite. Alors que jusque-là les opérations des SIV ne faisaient pas partie de leur comptabilité (ce qui leur permettait de dissimuler les risques pris), elles ont dû reprendre dans leur bilan les dettes des SIV.

Résultat : panique à bord ! Aux États-Unis, 84 sociétés de crédits hypothécaires ont fait faillite ou cessé partiellement leur activité entre le 1er janvier et le 17 août 2007, contre seulement 17 sur toute l’année 2006. En Allemagne, la banque IKB et l’Institut public SachsenLB ont été sauvés d’extrême justesse. Récemment, l’Angleterre a dû nationaliser la banque Northern Rock tombée en faillite. Le 13 mars 2008, le fonds Carlyle Capital Corporation (CCC), connu pour sa proximité affichée avec le clan Bush, s’est effondré : ses dettes représentaient 32 fois ses fonds propres. Le lendemain, la prestigieuse banque états-unienne Bear Stearns (5e banque d’affaire aux États-Unis), à cours de liquidités, a appelé à l’aide la Réserve fédérale des États-Unis (Fed) pour obtenir un financement d’urgence. Elle sera rachetée par la banque JP Morgan Chase pour une bouchée de pain.

Plusieurs segments du marché de la dette constituent des constructions bancales en train de s’effondrer. Ils entraînent dans leurs déboires les puissantes banques, les hedge funds, les fonds d’investissement qui les avaient créés. Le sauvetage des institutions financières privées est réalisé grâce à l’intervention massive des pouvoirs publics. Privatisation des bénéfices, socialisation des pertes sont encore une fois de mise.

Mais une question se pose : pourquoi les banques, qui aujourd’hui n’hésitent pas à effacer des dettes douteuses par dizaines de milliards de dollars, ont-elles toujours refusé d’annuler les créances des pays en développement ? Elles font là la démonstration que c’est parfaitement possible et tout à fait nécessaire. Rappelons qu’à l’origine des dettes actuelles réclamées par les banques à ces pays, on trouve des dictatures criminelles, des régimes corrompus, des dirigeants fidèles aux grandes puissances et aux créanciers. Les grandes banques ont prêté sans compter à des régimes aussi peu recommandables que ceux de Mobutu au Zaïre, de Suharto en Indonésie, aux dictatures latino-américaines des années 1970-1980 sans oublier le régime d’apartheid en Afrique du Sud. Comment peuvent-elles continuer d’infliger le joug de la dette à des peuples qui ont souffert de régimes dictatoriaux qu’elles ont elles-mêmes financés ? Sur le plan juridique, de nombreuses dettes odieuses figurent dans leurs livres de compte et n’ont pas à être remboursées. Mais les banques continuent d’exiger leurs remboursements.

Rappelons également que la crise de la dette du tiers-monde a été provoquée en 1982 par la hausse brutale et unilatérale des taux d’intérêts décidée par la Fed. Auparavant les banques privées avaient prêté à tour de bras à taux variable à des pays déjà surendettés, finalement incapables de faire face. Aujourd’hui, l’histoire se répète, mais au Nord cette fois et d’une manière spécifique : les ménages surendettés des États-Unis sont devenus incapables de rembourser leur emprunt hypothécaire à taux variable car la bulle de l’immobilier a éclaté.

Les effacements de dette que les banques réalisent donnent raison à tous ceux qui, comme le CADTM, revendiquent une annulation de la dette des pays en développement. Pourquoi ? Parce que la dette à long terme des pouvoirs publics du tiers-monde envers les banques internationales atteignait 181,9 milliards de dollars en 2006 [2]. Depuis août 2007, elles ont déjà dû effacer un montant bien supérieur, et ce n’est pas fini…

Les grandes banques privées ont donc triplement fauté :

- elles ont construit de désastreux montages de dette privée qui ont conduit à la catastrophe actuelle ;

- elles ont prêté à des dictatures et ont obligé les gouvernements démocratiques qui ont succédé à rembourser jusqu’au dernier centime cette dette odieuse ;

- elles refusent d’annuler des dettes des pays en développement alors que leur remboursement implique une détérioration des conditions de vie des populations.

Pour toutes ces raisons, il faut exiger qu’elles rendent des comptes sur leurs agissements au cours des décennies passées. Les gouvernements des pays du Sud doivent réaliser des audits de leur dette, comme le fait l’Équateur aujourd’hui, et répudier toutes leurs créances odieuses et illégitimes. Les banquiers leur démontrent que c’est parfaitement possible. Il s’agira du premier pas pour rendre à la finance le rôle qui lui revient, celui d’outil au service de l’être humain. De tous les êtres humains.

Éric Toussaint
Éric Toussaint est président du CADTM Belgique (Comité pour l’Annulation de la Dette du Tiers Monde). Dernier livre publié : Banque du Sud et nouvelle crise internationale, CADTM/Syllepse, 2008.

Damien Millet
Damien Millet est secrétaire général du CADTM France (Comité pour l’Annulation de la Dette du Tiers Monde). Dernier livre publié : Dette odieuse (avec Frédédric Chauvreau), CADTM/Syllepse, 2006.

[1] Le service d’étude de Goldman Sachs estimait le 7 mars 2008 les pertes à 1156 milliards de dollars, George Magnus de UBS avançait en février un chiffre supérieur à 1000 milliards, Nouriel Roubini de l’Université de New York- émet l’hypothèse d’une perte d’au moins 1000 milliards de dollars.

[2] Banque mondiale, Global Development Finance 2007.

 



Statistiques du mois de novembre

19 12 2007

Les dix billets les plus consultés de novembre:

1) Le système bancaire à reserve fractionnelle: la privatisation de l’argent partie I

2) La Croix Rouge aurait volé les victimes de Katrina.

3) Carlyle, les Desmarais et le toujours corrompu Sarkozy

4) Une super bonne technique de propagande: semer le doute

5) La privatisation de l’argent: une introduction

6) L’eau en bouteille de Pepsi, Aquafina, est de l’eau du robinet

7) L’armée française se masse aux frontières du Soudan

8) Xavier Caféïne censuré

9) L’arche de Zoé, que faisaient Nicolas, Cécilia et François dans cette galère

10) Gécamines: un colonisateur à peine chassé qu’un autre arrive

Les pages consultées par certaines institutions:

Mairie de Paris (Bien le bonjour très cher(ère) fidel(èle) lecteur(rice) de la Mairie de Paris!):

Est arrivé sur ce blogue directement.

A visité les pages:

Fidelity Investments:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour « rfid tunis » et via netvibes.com.

A visité les pages:

La Banque mondiale:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue directement, via le cmaq, et via un compte courriel hotmail.

A visité les pages:

BNP- Paribas:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue via le cmaq, et en cherchant « axa brookfield », « banque populaire r+ », « eni retail congo », « incident bnpparibas en afrique » (hmmm… cherchent-ils à savoir si leur exploitation de l’Afrique est connue?) et « soudan bnp paribas » (ah.. la BNP ferrait-elle partie de la déstabilisation du Soudan? Ce ne serait pas surprenant vu leur affinité avec Total et Power Corporation.).

A visité les pages:

Ministère de la Justice du Canada:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en recherchant « desouches cour des comptes », « francophonie desouches cour des comptes » et « ddhp francophonie ». Se pourrait-il que les pots-de-vins peut-être versés par Christine Desouches, déléguée aux droits de l’homme et à la démocratie à l’Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, anciennement chargée de mission au Cabinet du ministre de la Coopération et qui a obtenu un doctorat honoris causa l’an dernier de l’UdeM, aient été découverts par le Ministère de la Justice?

A visité les pages:

Airbus (EADS):

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: « »le point » editorialiste polytechnicien second atalli», «conflit+1970+monde+carte», «eads cameroun», «situation geopolitique de monde en 1970».

A visité les pages:

Google:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue directement et en cherchant pour: «comprendre le monde avec les choses simple».
A visité les pages:

Ministère des relations internationales du Québec:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue via le regroupement de blogues gauchistes ainsi qu’en cherchant pour: «fta europe korea» et «histoire secrete de lazard freres».

A visité les pages:

Total S.A.:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: « »documentaliste » exxon mobil petrole», «boycott total oil», «compagnies petrolieres saudi arabia», «putin + participation aux conférences 2008 + pétrole & gaz».

A visité les pages:

EDF:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue directement et en cherchant pour: «organigramme bnp paribas usa».
A visité les pages:

Ministère des Finances Bèlge:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «comprendre le systeme bancaire».

A visité les pages:

Société Générale:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue via le cmaq et centpapiers ainsi qu’en cherchant pour: «de beers rothschild», «hugo boss armee allemande» et «banque centrale de madagascar histoire».

A visité les pages:

Banque Populaire:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue directement ainsi qu’en cherchant pour: «comores bnp» (normale, Banque populaire va acheter les parts de BNP dans la seule banque commerciale des Comores: BIC.).

A visité les pages:

Caisse de dépôt et de placement du Québec

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «goldman sachs myanmar» (La caisse de dépôt songerait-elle à ne pas investir dans la junte sanguinaire au pouvoir au Myanmar?).

A visité les pages:

Crédit Agricole:
Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «bilderberg afrique», «conduit siv», «Bénin» et «euroclear».

A visité les pages:

Cowen & Co (banque d’investissement):

Est arrivé sur ce blogue directement ainsi qu’en cherchant pour: «vernon angola corruption» (hmm… la compagnie Vernon Angola serait corrompue semble-t-il…).

A visité les pages:

Ministère des Affaire étrangères Belge:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «tenke fungurume revisitation» et «tenke fungurume umicore» (hmm… le ministère des affaires étrangères belge se soucierait-il du pillage du Congo-K par ses ressortissant ou cherche-t’il plutôt à les aider contre leurs compétiteurs?).

A visité les pages:

SOFEMA:
Est arrivé sur ce blogue directement ainsi qu’en cherchant pour: «sofema».

A visité les pages:

Dow Chemical:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue directement ainsi qu’en cherchant pour: «Dow Chemical».

A visité les pages:

BAE (le plus gros producteur d’armes britanique):

Est arrivé sur ce blogue directement.

A visité les pages:

Banque Piguet (appartient à la Banque Cantonale Vaudoise à 83%):

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «UBS sudan» (Beaucoup de banques semblent s’intéresser au Soudan…).

A visité les pages:

Bechtel:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «bechtel en guinée conakry» (Bechtel construit une usine d’aluminium en Guinée pour BHP-Billiton et Dubaï Alu. ).

A visité les pages:

Chambre des communes du Canada:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «keith harmon snow and rwanda» (snow est l’auteur de l’article sur le congo:Behind the War on the Congo).

A visité les pages:

http://www.fsausomali.org/fileadmin/template/main/themes/images/CARE_logo.jpg ONG CARE (Atlanta, leur siège social):

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «barrick care» (J’imagine que c’est «Barrick Gold» une des compagnies minière qui commet des atrocités aux Congo-K, CARE collaborait-il avec Barrick Gold? La réponse est OUI. ).

Commission Européenne :

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «résultats dernières élections rdc».

A visité les pages:

Hermes:
Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «ripplewood».

A visité les pages:

Natexis (COFACE) (appartient à la Banque Populaire):

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «histoire de jp morgan».

A visité les pages:

The image “http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/1/1a/100px-Gdf_logo.gif” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.GDF :
A visité les pages:

The image “http://www.apisq-qcga.ca/english/images/Logo/logo_gaz-metro.gif” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.GazMétro:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «Rabaska Carlyle». GazMétro est un des partenaires du Projet Rabaska…Le Groupe Carlyle ne parait pas sur le site du projet, mais se pourrait-il que le Groupe Carlyle soit derrière le projet aussi??

A visité les pages:

http://www.coresecurity.com/files/images/clients_2006/energy_utilities/hydro_quebec.gifHydro-Québec:

A visité les pages:

http://www.bcs.org/upload/img_200/jpmorgan.jpgJP Morgan Chase:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: « »tax evasion » malta».

A visité les pages:

http://mobilephonedevelopment.com/wp-content/images/kpmg.gifKPMG:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «géopolitique bénin».

A visité les pages:

The image “http://www.rlrs.ca/francais/aboutus/images/brookfieldlogo.gif” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.Médisolution:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «medisolution+comments».

A visité les pages:

Ministère des Affaires étrangères de France:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «xianyang sarkozy».

A visité les pages:

http://www.fiskobel.com/iusr/links/LINK70290200412021035PM.gifMinistère de la Justice Belge:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «george forrest tanzania china». Wow! Il semble que le ministère de la justice belge s’intéresse à George Forrest, leur ressortissant sans scrupule, qui pille l’Afrique! Espérons que ce n’est pas pour le protéger!

A visité les pages:

http://www.mosrp.uh.edu/images/PETROCHINA.jpgPetrochina:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «’block c + sudan’».

A visité les pages:

Bureau du conseil privé (bureau du Premier Ministre du Canada): Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «histoire petrole map» .

A visité les pages:

http://www.projections.be/images/references/rw.gifRégion Wallonne:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «position belgique résolution onu 1756 rdc» .

A visité les pages:

http://www.politicalresources.net/senat-be.gifSénat de Belgique:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: « »résolution 1756 du conseil »» .

A visité les pages:

http://www.webdrain.com/afbeeldingen/20051114_sns_bank.gifSNS Bank N.V.:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «at&t tantalum congo» . AT&T serait-il impliqué dans les attrocités au Congo?

A visité les pages:

http://www.haiticulture.ch/images/ch_small.GIFGouvernement Fédéral Suisse:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «fausse conférence de presse incendie fema» .

A visité les pages:

https://www.satotravel.com/images/travelResources/stateDept.gif US State Departement:

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «strategic resources corporation south africa» . Hmm… le département d’État ferait-il appelle aux services de ces mercenaires?

A visité les pages:

The image “http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en-commons/thumb/0/09/50px-Un-flag-square.png” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.ONU (NYC et Genève):

Est arrivé sur ce blogue en cherchant pour: «gaz petrole 8-10 septembre 2007» et .

A visité les pages:

Par ailleurs, plusieurs personnes se rendu ici après avoir fait une recherche pour Benjamin de Rothschild en prison. Ça ma surpris, j’ai donc fais la même recherche et en effet, à partir de sa résidence non loin de celle du président de la république française, il s’amusait à viser une policière avec sont fusil muni d’un pointeur laser, ce qui blessa la cornée de la policière:

Le baron Benjamin de Rothschild remis en liberté

samedi 29 septembre 2007 10h44

L’information avait été révélée par Europe 1… Benjamin de Rothschild a passé la journée de vendredi en garde à vue à Paris. Le baron a finalement été remis en liberté en fin d’après-midi. Il est accusé d’avoir blessé une gardienne de la paix en l’aveuglant avec un stylo laser d’après la version officielle. Mais, selon nos informations, il aurait utilisé un fusil à visée laser. Le baron aurait finalement présenté ses excuses à la policière.

Le fils de Nadine de Rothschild a été laissé libre après une journée de garde à vue à Paris. Le baron de 44 ans était mis en cause dans le cadre d’une enquête sur une blessure effectuée à une gardienne de la paix, à l’oeil.Le banquier a avoué lors de sa garde à vue avoir malencontreusement ébloui la jeune femme, avec un stylo laser. Toutefois selon notre correspondant sur place, il aurait utilisé un fusil à visée laser. Enfin, le riche héritier assure qu’il n’a pas délibérément visé la policière. Le baron a, par l’intermédiaire de son avocat, « présenté ses excuses à ce gardien de la paix ».

Les faits s’étaient déroulés tôt vendredi matin. Une policière de faction dans la rue juste à côté de l’Elysée avait ressenti une brûlure à l’oeil droit, tout en distinguant une lumière, depuis une fenêtre du 10, rue de l’Elysée, adresse de l’hôtel particulier de Benjamin de Rothschild. Le baron avait ensuite été interpellé.

La gardienne de la paix souffre de brûlures. Elle a une petite lésion de la cornée à l’oeil droit, qui lui vaut 5 jours d’arrêt de travail.



Image du jour

15 11 2007

reprise de Réactionisme Watch 



Behind the War on the Congo

12 11 2007

repris de ocnus.net et Zmagazine:

(Photo: Uraguayan special forces MONUC hunting FDLR in Kahuzi Beiga National Park under Operation Falcon Sweep.)

Behind the Numbers

Untold Suffering in the Congo

By Keith Harmon Snow & David Barouski, CCA 26/10/06
Oct 30, 2006, 11:28

The British medical journal Lancet recently took greater notice of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) than all western media outlets combined. A group of physicians reported that about 4 million people have died since the “official” outbreak of the Congolese war in 1998 (1). The BBC reported the war in Congo has claimed more lives than any armed conflict since World War II (2). However, experts working in the Congo, and Congolese survivors, count over 10 million dead since war began in 1996—not 1998—with the U.S.-backed invasion to overthrow Zaire’s President Joseph Mobutu. While the western press quantifies African deaths all the time, no statistic can quantify the suffering of the Congolese.

Some people are aware that war in the Congo is driven by the desire to extract raw materials, including diamonds, gold, columbium tantalite (coltan), niobium, cobalt, copper, uranium and petroleum. Mining in the Congo by western companies proceeds at an unprecedented rate, and
it is reported that some $6 million in raw cobalt alone—an element of superalloys essential for nuclear, chemical, aerospace and defense industries—exits DRC daily. Any analysis of the geopolitics in the Congo requires an understanding of the organized crime perpetrated through multi-national businesses, in order to understand the reasons why the Congolese people have suffered a virtually unending war since 1996.

Some people have lauded great progress in the exposure of illegal mining in DRC, particularly by the group Human Rights Watch (HRW), whose 2005 report “The Curse of Gold” exposed Ugandan officials and multi-national corporations smuggling gold through local rebel militias. The cited rebel groups were the Nationalist and Integrationist Front (FNI) and the People’s Armed Forces of Congo (FAPC). The western companies targeted by HRW were Anglo-Ashanti Gold, a company headquartered in South Africa, and Metalor, a Swedish firm. The HRW report failed to mention that Anglo-Ashanti is partnered with Anglo-American, owned by the Oppenheimer family and partnered with Canada-based Barrick Gold described below (3). London-based Anglo-American Plc. owns a 45% share in DeBeers, another Oppenheimer company that is infamous for its near monopoly of the international diamond industry (4). Sir Mark Moody-Stuart, a director of Anglo-American, is a director of Royal Dutch/Shell and a member of U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan’s Advisory Board (5). The report also suppressed the most damning evidence discovered by HRW researchers—that Anglo-Ashanti sent its top lawyers into eastern DRC to aid rebel militia leaders arrested there.

Several multi-national mining companies have rarely if ever been mentioned in any human rights report. One is Barrick Gold, who operates in the town of Watsa, northwest of the town of Bunia, located in the most violent corner of the Congo. The Ugandan People’s Defense Force (UPDF) controlled the mines intermittently during the war. Officials in Bunia claim that Barrick executives flew into the region, with UPDF and RPF (Rwanda Patriotic Front) escorts, to survey and inspect their mining interests (6).

George H.W. Bush served as a paid advisor for Barrick Gold. Barrick directors include: Brian Mulroney, former PM of Canada; Edward Neys, former U.S. ambassador to Canada and chairman of the private PR firm Burston-Marsteller; former U.S. Senator Howard Baker; J. Trevor Eyton, a member of the Canadian Senate; and Vernon Jordan, one of Bill Clinton’s lawyers (7).

(Photo: Rape has been used as a systematic means of instilling terror in the
people all over DRC. This girl (20) fled Eastern DRC and crossed the
country on foot to find some refuge in Western DRC.)

Barrick Gold is one of the client companies of Andrew Young’s Goodworks International lobbying firm. Andrew Young is the former Mayor of Atlanta, and a key organizer of the U.S.-Uganda Friendship Council. Young was chosen by President Clinton to chair the Southern Africa Enterprise Development Fund in October 1994. Goodworks’ clients—or business partners in some cases—include Coke, Chevron-Texaco, Monsanto, and the governments of Angola and Nigeria (note weapons transfers from Nigeria cited below). Young is a director of Cox Communications and Archers Daniels Midland—the “supermarket to the world” and National Public Radio sponsor whose directors include Brian Mulroney (Barrick) and G. Allen Andreas, a member of the European Advisory Board of The Carlyle Group.

Barrick Gold’s mining partners have included Adastra Mining—formerly named America Mineral Fields (AMFI, AMX, other names), formerly based in Hope, Arkansas, Bill Clinton’s hometown. Adastra had close ties with Lazare Kaplan International Inc., the largest diamond brokerage firm in the U.S., whose president, Maurice Tempelsman, has been an advisor on African Affairs to the U.S. Government and has been the U.S. Honorary Consul General of the Congo since 1977 (8).

Maurice Tempelsman accompanied Bill Clinton during his African tour in 1998, and he sails with the Clintons off Martha’s Vineyard. He serves on the International Advisory Council of the American Stock Exchange, and is a director of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, a
”scientific” front for his offshore diamond mining—raking the seabed into oblivion.

Adastra also purchased a diamond concession on the Congolese-Angolan border from the Belgian mercenary firm International Defense and Security (1998), and currently has cobalt and copper concessions in Congo’s Katanga (Shaba) province (9). Adastra is a member of the Corporate Council on Africa, along with Goodworks, Halliburton, Chevron-Texaco, Northrop Grumman, GE, Boeing, Raytheon, Bechtel and SAIC—the latter two being secretive intelligence and defense entities involved in classified and supra-governmental “black” projects.

In April 1997, Jean-Ramon Boulle, a co-founder of Adastra (then AMFI), received a $1 billion dollar deal for mines in the Congo at Kolwezi (cobalt) and Kipushi (zinc) from Laurent Kabila’s Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Zaire (ADFL) before they were even officially in power. The ADFL were even allowed to use Boulle’s private jet (10). Meanwhile, directors of Adastra are also former directors of Anglo-American (11). Other Clinton-connected founders of Adastra include Michael McMurrough and Robert Friedland—both involved in shady, criminal, offshore businesses in Indonesia, Africa, Burma and the Americas (12).

Barrick sub-contracts to Caleb International, who has also partnered with Adastra in the past. Caleb is run by Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni’s half-brother Salim Saleh, the former acting General of the UPDF. When Uganda withdrew from the Congo in 2002 following a so-called “peace” agreement, Saleh began training paramilitary groups to act as Ugandan proxies to sustain the flow of minerals into Uganda (13).

Salim Saleh is a shareholder in Catalyst Co. of Canada, who has a 100% interest in Uganda’s Kaabong gold fields (14). He is a part owner of Saracen, a private military company created by the mercenaries-for-hire firm Executive Outcomes (15). The U.N. Panel of Experts on Illegal Exploitation of Congo’s Mineral Resources recommended Salim Saleh be put on a travel ban and have his assets frozen, but nothing was done.

Recent interventions by the armed U.N. peacekeeping mission in the Congo (MONUC) have concentrated on disarming or eliminating the Forces for the Democratic Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), a rebel group that opposes Rwanda, and the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), a rebel group that opposes Uganda. (Note that the Rwanda military has partnered with its erstwhile “enemies”—the FDLR—when necessary to secure resource plunder while Uganda has its own pattern of complicity with its “rebel” enemies. Rebel alliances are to perpetually shifting.) The removal of these rebel groups will effectively clear the eastern Congo for large–scale multi-national mining. The Mai-Mai militia, whose stated goal is “to protect Congo from Rwandan and Ugandan invaders,” has committed documented human rights abuses, yet they appear to be off the agenda for MONUC. The Mai-Mai operate in northern Katanga (Shaba) province and in the Kivus.

Katanga’s militias and racketeering are connected to criminal networks of businessmen, including Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe, Billy Rautenbach, John Bredenkamp, and Marc Rich. U.S. diamond magnate Maurice Tempelsman has profited from Katanga concessions since the Kennedy era. Lawrence Devlin, the old CIA station chief of Lubumbashi under Eisenhower, maintained Tempelsman’s criminal rackets with direct ties to Zaire’s former President Mobutu, and was subsequently employed by Tempelsman (16).

The Forrest Group has the longest history of exploitation in the Congo, gaining its first mining concessions before the Congo declared independence from the Belgians. The group, which includes the Ohio-based OM Group, has numerous concessions in Katanga (Shaba). Chairman George Forrest is the former chairman of the Congo’s state-owned mining firm GECAMINES, and owner of the New Lachaussee weapons manufacturing company.

Coltan ore is widely used in the aerospace and electronics industries for capacitors, superconductors and transistors after it is refined to tantalum. The U.S. is entirely dependant on foreign sources for tantalum, an enabling technology for capacitors essential to aerospace weaponry and every pager, cell phone, computer, VCR, CD player, P.D.A. and TV. U.S. import records show a dramatic jump of purchases from Rwanda and Uganda during the time they were smuggling tantalum and cobalt out of the Congo.

Sony dramatically increased their importation of coltan following the release of their Playstation 2, while Compaq, Microsoft, Dell, Ericsson, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Nokia, Intel, Lucent, and Motorola are also large-scale consumers (17). Sony’s current Executive Vice-President and General Counsel Nicole Seligman was a former legal adviser for Bill Clinton through the D.C. firm Williams and Connelly, LLP, whose clients included Bill Clinton and Oliver North (18). Sony Executive Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer Robert Wiesenthal is a former banker with First Boston, a supporter of Refugees International’s “humanitarian” relief efforts at Rwandan refugee camps in Eastern Congo, just before the fall of Mobutu in 1995; Wiesenthal was also financial adviser to Cox Communications, OM Group, Time Warner and The New York Times (19).

(Photo: FDLR « genocidaires » — children with guns — in eastern DRC.)

Walter Kansteiner, the son of a coltan trader in Chicago, is the Assistant Secretary of State for Africa and former member of the Dept. of Defense Task Force on Strategic Minerals. Kansteiner’s speech at The Forum for International Policy in October of 1996 advocated partitioning the Congo (then Zaire) into smaller states based on ethnic lineage (20). Ironically, while the speech was given, Laurent Kabila and his ADFL were beginning their march to overthrow Mobutu with the aid of Rwanda, Uganda, and the U.S. (21). Kansteiner is a trustee of the Africa Wildlife Foundation—another euphemistic front for resource acquisition in Congo.

Bechtel, a U.S. aerospace & construction company, provided satellite maps of reconnaissance photos of Mobutu’s troops for the ADFL invasion of Congo in 1996; they also created infrared maps of the Congo’s mineral deposits (22). The Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF), led by Paul Kagame, the current Rwandan President graduate of the U.S. Army officers school at Fort Leavenworth, used Bechtel’s NASA maps to locate Rwandan Hutu civilians that fled the cataclysm in Rwanda in 1994. An estimated 800,000 refugees were hunted down and killed in the Congo’s forests (23). Bechtel’s friends in high places include former Secretary of State George Shultz (Board of Directors), former Secretary of Defense Casper Weinberger (Bechtel Counsel) and retired U.S.M.C. general Jack Sheehan (Senior Vice President), who is also a member of the Defense Policy Board at the Pentagon (24). Riley P. Bechtel is on the Board of J.P. Morgan (25). Bechtel’s Nexant Company is the prime contractor on the Uganda-Kenya pipeline project, believed to ultimately facilitate petroleum transport out of the Semliki Basin of Lake Albert.

The U.N. Panel of Experts named New England-based Cabot Co. for conducting unethical business practices (26). Cabot is one of the largest tantalum processors in the world. The current Deputy Director of the U.S. Treasury, Samuel Bodman, was CEO and chairman of the board for Cabot from 1997-2001 (27). Current Director John H. McArthur is a Senior Advisor to Paul Wolfowitz at the World Bank (28).

Private Military Contractors (PMCs) are also big business in Africa. Brown & Root, a subsidiary of Halliburton, helped build a military base near Cyangugu, Rwanda just next to the Congo-Rwandan border. ”Officially,” Brown and Root was there to clear land mines, but instead housed mercenaries from Military Professional Resources Inc. (MPRI) who trained the RPF and Laurent Kabila’s ADFL for invasion of the Congo in 1996, and the Rwandan army’s re-invasion in 1998, after
Laurent Kabila threw out the Rwandans, Ugandans, Bechtel and the IMF (29). The French intelligence service reported that U.S. Special Forces and mercenaries from MPRI participated in the murder of Rwandan Hutu refugees on the Oso River near Goma in 1996 and even claims to have turned over the bodies of two American soldiers killed in combat near Goma (30). The circumstances surrounding the unofficial recovery of these two U.S. soldiers remain very mysterious (31).

MPRI is based in Arlington, Virginia and is staffed and run by 36 retired U.S. generals. It is contracted by the Pentagon to fulfill the African Crisis Responsive Initiative (ACRI). This program includes the Ugandan military, and it supplied military training in guerrilla warfare to Ugandan officers at Fort Bragg, North Carolina in July 1996. During the invasion of the Congo in 1998, Ugandan soldiers were found with ACRI equipment while Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have implicated Ugandan battalions trained by ACRI in rapes, murders, extortion, and beatings of Ugandan civilians (32).

Executive Outcomes founder Tony Buckingham has established other Private Military Companies that operate around Africa. Buckingham’s Heritage Oil & Gas works closely with his PMC Sandline International to manipulate the petroleum options around Lake Albert, and is believed to have signed concession deals with warring armies and governments on both sides of the Uganda-Congo border. Branch Energy is another Buckingham affiliated company operating in the Great Lakes region.

Investigations of illegal weapons sales to Rwanda last year, in violation of the U.N. arms embargo on the region, have been hampered by the Rwandan government’s refusal to provide a list of serial numbers of the 5000 AK-47s delivered there. The shipping country, Bulgaria, also refused to provide serial numbers, and would only confirm that the weapons were sold legally to a non-embargo country, Nigeria, en route to Rwanda and DRC. The governments of Uganda, Congo, South Africa and Equatorial Guinea—a major U.S. petroleum protectorate—are equally culpable in supporting the clandestine arms sales to the region (33).

Weapons shipments arriving by boat from Tanzania, and the Government of Tanzania’s role in supporting war in DRC, are never questioned. This may have something to do with Barrick Gold’s mining licenses in Tanzania’s Masaai territories. Aircraft flying between Tanzania, DRC, and from Kenya, are allowed to do so without proper documentation, record-keeping or customs oversight.

Another shady “untouchable” arms dealer operating behind the scenes in the region is an Indian-American named Mr. Kotecha. Kotecha’s interests in South Kivu are substantial, and he is openly fingered as dealing in money laundering, arms, coltan and diamonds. After the first U.S.-sponsored invasion of the Congo in 1996, Kotecha is known to have repeatedly boasted of being the “United States Consulate” in South Kivu. Kotecha holds a U.S. passport and owns a mansion in California.

When an outspoken local defender of human rights working for a small NGO (Pascal Kabungulu of Heritiers de la Justice) was assassinated during the summer of 2005 in Bukavu, the alleged killers, including a local Congolese military commander, were identified but MONUC and the international “community” took no action. The killing revolved around his role in exposing the Congolese commanders’ involvement in contraband smuggling (which continues today).

A U.N. Panel of Experts in a forthcoming report will challenge many airlines and companies for undertaking illicit flights (illegal, secret, unregistered or falsely registered) into and out of DRC. One of many notable companies apparently connected to Victor Bout’s arms trafficking networks is Simax, an Oregon-based company using an address in Sierra Leone. However, the U.N. Panel of Experts has once again ignored certain western agencies—with histories of illicit activities—whose flights remain equally surreptitious and unaccountable. At the top of the list is the International Rescue Committee (IRC)—directors include Henry Kissinger —whose flights in and out of Congo, and internal flights to and from isolated airports in eastern DRC, are completely unmonitored by MONUC arms embargo inspectors. In Bukavu, for example, all light aircraft are subject to MONUC arms embargo inspections, but IRC flights are not within the MONUC mandate. As one MONUC Military Observer admitted, “The IRC should be subject to the same standards as everyone else; otherwise we have to assume they are shipping weapons, because they do not let us confirm they are not.”

Similarly, while the U.N. Panel of Experts have investigated and reported on certain illegal criminal networks and activities in Congo, they never attend to the top-level deals brokered behind closed doors by executives from Adastra, Anglo-American, the companies of Sweden’s Adolph Lundin (a close friend of George H.W. Bush), who have control of mining concessions in Lubumbashi, Kolwezi and Mbuji Mayi areas in the Katanga (Shaba) and Kasai provinces. U.S.-based Phelps Dodge is partnered in Katanga copper/cobalt mining projects with Lundin’s Tenke Mining. Phelps Dodge director Douglas C. Yearly is also a director of Lockheed Martin, and the World Wildlife Fund—partnered with USAID and CARE in “conservation”—read: acquisition—projects all over Congo while CARE’s “humanitarian” agenda is also funded by Lockheed Martin.

“Conservation” interests provide the vanguard of western penetration in Central Africa: USAID, WWF, AWF, and Conservation International lead the charge. Evidence from USAID cases all over Congo quickly contradicts all fanfare about USAID bringing “sustainable” or “community development” projects. Most notable are the Central Africa Region Partnership for the Environment (CARPE) and Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP), two programs pressing hidden military, intelligence and economic agendas. Notably, National Geographic is involved in furthering the mythologies of conservation, democracy, community development, or the lip service paid to respecting and supporting indigenous people.

Some people have suggested the reason that there isn’t greater awareness and equitable intervention in the Congo is because “we simply don’t know what to do” to remedy the situation. However, it is fairly clear what needs to be done, the West is just unwilling to do it because of powerful economic and geopolitical reasons.

1. U.S. Military Training programs must have an oversight committee and total transparency. Western governments must end their hypocritical stance and ensure they don’t train any “rebel” or ”dissident” groups, especially if they are against a democratically elected government (provided the elections weren’t fraudulent), even if the elected government isn’t politically aligned with the western ideology and/or economic ideals. To do otherwise would refute claims that the west is intervening to “spread democracy.”

2. In parallel with number 1, a committee must be set up to ensure the same doesn’t occur for the private military companies. As multinational corporations, these firms aren’t subject to obey laws of warfare as an established country’s armed forces are supposed to. The U.N. must pass resolutions mandating the World Court and International Criminal Court (ICC) to prosecute such corporations. Lastly, when such companies are exposed for conducting illegal activities, such as aiding coups or trafficking human slaves, the corporations who conduct these activities must be blacklisted from receiving government contracts, domestic or international, and the guilty individuals must be prosecuted (34).

3. In the arms arena, more substantial efforts must be created to intercept and prosecute “embargo busters,” illegal brokers, and arms sellers. Furthermore, those selling, transporting, brokering, funding, or wiring arms transactions for weapons specifically intended for children should receive the harshest of the penalties (certain ”small weapons” are modified to reduce their weight to make it easier for a child to carry). Firms that participate in arms shipments, transport and/or the movement of the flow of the money generated from these sales with countries, people or organizations that are embargoed or act against national or international law should be held accountable for their crimes. Assets can be frozen, travel bans imposed, and all government and economic business ties with such firms severed. These penalties must also have an assurance of enforcement.

4. Debt relief is essential, but ways must be found to protect IMF and World Bank loans from being used for military expenditures. The motivations of World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz are suspect. Dr. Wolfowitz is a former Deputy Secretary of Defense under George W. Bush, a former ambassador to Indonesia under Ronald Reagan, a PNAC member, and dual citizen in Israel. Likewise, the World Bank and IMF must shift their policy of privatization as a stipulation for loan approval in order to stimulate business growth within the state instead of having the business sector growth be almost entirely from multinational corporations. The World Bank and IMF must also provide debt relief to the counties that need it most according to economic indicators. Some countries receiving debt relief, like Uganda and Rwanda, are among the biggest spenders of their loans in the military sector (35). It must be ensured that a majority of spending occurs on infrastructure and public services, and that this does not benefit the standard set of “embedded” western corporations. It must also be ensured the loan money is used in areas that need development the most. For example, in Uganda, the loan money Museveni has used for development has focused in the south in Kampala, the capital, and in Mbarra, his hometown. Meanwhile, the Acholi people, who always vote against Museveni’s party in the polls, are ignored and the situation in the Lira, Gulu, and Kitgum districts continues to deteriorate. In addition, individual countries must examine the aid they give to countries that spend a high percentage of capital on military, as well as commit human rights abuses. Lastly, debt relief doesn’t harm banks that gave the loans in the first place and collect on some of the interest rates, not to mention the American businesses that make profit on the privatized businesses as part of the loan deal. The debt is transferred to the taxpayers, so transparency is needed to insure that costs are also incurred by the firms granting the loans (if they want credit for their “humanitarian” debt relief).

5. Western countries must end the impunity for those responsible for looting minerals from Congo. Firms that purchase smuggled minerals, and/or purchase concessions from illegitimate rebel groups must be prosecuted. The World Court recently made a start by convicting Uganda and fining the government, but Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe remain unaccountable for their direct pirating, as are the Western firms that purchased the minerals, and Western individuals supporting them. (The Kimberly Process, established with the support of academic and intelligence experts at Harvard University, is a perfect example of the gatekeepers policing their own gates: the huge, entrenched, but secretive interests like the Oppenheimer/DeBeers and Maurice Tempelsman owned companies are legitimized as dealers of “clean” diamonds; while the other, far less connected competitors and challengers of the status quo, including Congolese children sneaking into mines and being shot for “stealing” the diamonds off their own starving families’ former lands, are demonized as dealers of “blood” diamonds.)

6. The World Court and International Criminal Court must hold all military and civilian leaders—African, U.S., European—that are guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity accountable for their actions. The West must not be allowed to shield criminals from prosecution by virtue of their economic and political alliances with Western governments. Governments that harbor these criminals should be subject to prosecution. Economic sanctions may not be proper, as poor nations generally suffer severe civilian casualties as a result; specific involved individuals in government and the military must be held accountable.

7. “Peacekeeping” forces, in particular MONUC, must be examined to ensure that the mission is being conducted with the interests of promoting stability in the country. As illustrated, elements of MONUC have used the mission as a cover to further the agenda of the West and its corporate sponsors under the banner of “peacekeeping,” causing the death of civilians in the process: those responsible should be tried and prosecuted. It must also be ensured that the investigations don’t stop at individual soldiers or brigades committing crimes, but to examine the chain of command and their allegiances to uncover the motivations behind MONUC operations. There have been reports of MONUC troops looting ivory, gold, and animal skins in National Parks. Villagers say that they have seen murders occur right in front of MONUC soldiers and they didn’t act to prevent the killings (36). MONUC soldiers have raped Congolese women (37). When pro-Rwandan rebel leaders Laurent Nkunda and Jules Mutibusi, both war criminals wanted by the U.N., took over Bukavu by force in May 2004, MONUC provided them with weapons and vehicles. Nkunda himself has stated the head of MONUC, William Swing, personally gave him a telephone to use during the raid. (38)

8. The international media is completely silent on virtually every major issue of significance with respect to war in DRC—and the international and criminal networks behind it. Misinformation about Africa prevails due to a concerted effort by the mainstream media to blackout the truth. A boycott of key publications is imperative, and must include the most offensive: Boston Globe, Washington Post, Newsweek, Time, US News & World Report, USA Today, New York Times, the New Yorker (Conde Nast Publications), Harper’s, Atlantic Monthly (highly subsidized by Lockheed Martin and Northrup Grumman) and, especially, National Geographic.

9. The fog of war needs to be cleared away from so-called ”humanitarian” and “human rights” programs, organizations and individuals currently aligned with the Western corporate enterprise. Notables in this category include: Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, CARE, USAID, Norwegian People’s Aid, International Crises Group, International Rescue Committee, Refugees International, the Genocide Intervention Fund, and many U.N. bodies, but especially UNHCR. Most of these agencies appear to exist merely to perpetuate their own survival. Doctors Without Borders also deserves scrutiny for their recent actions in DRC.

10. The peace and justice community remains unaccountable for its failure to take any significant actions to mitigate war in Congo and expose the true reasons behind it. A first step should be open up the spaces to alternative voices currently excluded by major social justice media venues. Second is to declare a total boycott on diamonds and gold, and an organized campaign to protest and economically castigate diamond stores where Lazare diamonds are sold. A third action is the commitment of meaningful funds—both from individuals and from organizations—to support the vibrant grass roots organizations and individuals working for human rights, women’s health, disarmament, education, food security, rainforest and environmental defense in Congo. Fourth, people need to break through their fear (inculcated by the western media) of taking action to help people in the Congo: there is no reason—except the unacceptable—that westerners cannot establish a “Witness for Peace” program situated in the Congo.

11. Rights groups with missions pertinent to Congo’s need must expand their missions to include Congo. Rape is endemic in the Congo: a source of psychological and physical trauma, it contributes to the spread of HIV, Ebola and other sexually transmitted diseases. Survivors often give birth to HIV positive children with no prospects for medical or financial help. This has lead to an insurmountable need for aid to care for the orphans. Mothers of children conceived of rape are often disowned by their village and families. Western feminist and women’s rights activists and organizations must get involved and provide resources for the victims of rape in Congo. Those responsible for rapes must be tried and punished as per the law if guilty. Indeed, evidence from rape cases in rural DRC shows that sexual violence is significantly reduced simply by holding military officers accountable for their troops’ actions, but this is not happening.

12. MONUC’s Radio Okapi is the lifeline of news in DRC today, but programming is largely comprised of U.N. programming. The United Nations needs to be pressured to open up the Radio Okapi network, eliminate the “fluff” pieces, and diversify and deepen its programming and reportage. As a simple example of how things could easily be improved in DRC, programs that sensitize the public o the issue of rape, and sensitize the military to the punishment for it, could easily be implemented; such programming is never considered.

13. The transitional government in Congo is comprised of military leaders and government officials who must be held accountable for their crimes. Like the individuals, organizations, corporations and governments that have supported them, all are responsible for crimes against humanity. The current profiteering in DRC is enabled by these key players, who hold the highest levels of the DRC government, and whose crimes remain hidden by the western press. The transitional government must not be allowed to appoint war criminals to cabinet or parliamentary positions, as well as local governor positions in the provinces.


References

(1) “Mortality in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: A Nationwide
Survey.” Benjamin Coghlan, Richard J. Brennan, Pascal Ngoy, David
Dofara, Brad Otto, Mark Clements, and Tony Steward. The Lancet, 7
Jan. 2006. Number 367 pp. 44-51

(2) “Thousands’ dying in DR Congo war,” BBC News, 6, Jan. 2006:
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/4586832.stm .

(3) “Depopulation & Perception Management Part 2: Central Africa,”
keith harmon snow. Pioneer Valley VOICE, Feb. 2001:
http://www.allthingspass.com/uploads/html-32Depop&PercepMan.htm ;”Congo: Capitalist Mineral Lust Fuels Bloodshed,” Direct Action:http://www.directa.force9.co.uk/back%20issues/DA%2028/regulars3_1.html
.

(4) “The Lost World War,” Erik Vilwar, Corporation Watch Newsletter,
Issue 13, March-April 2003:
http://www.corporatewatch.org.uk/newsletter/issue13

(5) “Depopulation As Policy, or, How the Despair and Death of Millions
of African People is Daily Determined by the Lifestyle of Ordinary
Americans, in Small Town USA, With Nary a Word of Truth In the US
Press, If Anything At All, And Why Most of Us Know Nothing About It,
And Do Nothing To Stop It When We Do Know,” keith harmon snow, 2003: http://www.allthingspass.com/uploads/html-52Depopulation%20As%20Policy.htm
.

(6) Private interview, keith harmon snow, Bunia, 2005.

(7) “Central Africa: Hidden Agendas and the Western Press,” Pioneer
Valley Voice, keith harmon snow: http://www.audarya-fellowship.com/showflat/cat/WorldNews/48471/0/collapsed/5/o/1

(8) “Genocide and Covert Operations In Africa 1993-1999,” United
States One Hundred Seventh Congress. Subcommittee on International Operations and Human Rights. First Session. 17 May 2001. comp. Centre for Research on Globalization.
http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/MAD111A.html .

(9) Ibid.

(10) “Stolen Goods: Coltan and Conflict in the Democratic Republic of
the Congo,” Dena Montague, SAIS Review, vol. XXII no. 1
(Winter-Spring 2002); “Congo: Capitalist Mineral Lust Fuels
Bloodshed,” Direct Action:
http://www.directa.force9.co.uk/back%20issues/DA%2028/regulars3_1.html; “Congo: The Western Heart of Darkness,” Asad Ismi, The Canadian
Centre for Policy Alternatives Monitor, October 2001.

(11) “Depopulation & Perception Management Part 2: Central Africa,”
keith harmon snow, Pioneer Valley VOICE, Feb. 2001:
http://www.allthingspass.com/uploads/html-32Depop&PercepMan.htm .

(12) “Proxy Wars in Central Africa: Profits, Propaganda, and Luxury
Goods for the White World—Pacification, Rape, and Slavery for the
Blacks,” keith harmon snow, World War 3 Report, Issue No. 100, 19 July 2004: http://ww3report.com/proxy.html .

(13) “Named and Shamed,” Ruud Leeuw: http://www.ruudleeuw.com/vbout17.htm .

(14) “Uganda, Sanctions, and Congo-K: Who is Who in Uganda Mining,”
Africa Analysis, 5 June 2001:
http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/congo/2001/0606uga.htm .

(15) “Corporate Soldiers: The U.S. Government Privatizes Force,” Daniel
Burton and Wayne Madsen:
http://www.totse.com/en/politics/us_military/162741.html .

(16) David Gibbs, “The Political Economy of Third World
Interventions,” University of Arizona Press; and Wayne Madsen,
”Genocide and Covert Operations in Africa, 1993-1999,” Mellen Press,
1999.

(17) “The Lost World War,” Erik Vilwar, Corporation Watch Newsletter,
Issue 13, March-April 2003:
http://www.corporatewatch.org.uk/newsletter/issue13 .

(18) “Sony Corporation of America: Executive Biographies,” Jan. 2006.
http://www.sony.com.SCA/

(19) “Proxy Wars in Central Africa: Profits, Propaganda, and Luxury
Goods for the White World – Pacification, Rape, and Slavery for the
Blacks,” keith harmon snow, World War 3 Report, Issue No. 100, 19 Jul. 2004: http://ww3report.com/proxy.html .

(20) “Genocide and Covert Operations In Africa, 1993-1999,” United
States One Hundred Seventh Congress, Subcommittee on International
Operations and Human Rights, First Session, 17 May 2001, comp. Centre
for Research on Globalization:
http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/MAD111A.html .

(21) “The U.S. (Under)mining Job of Africa,” :
http://cryptome.org/us-africa.wm.htm .

(22) “Stolen Goods: Coltan and Conflict in the Democratic Republic of
the Congo,” Dena Montague, SAIS Review, Vol. XXII, No. 1,
(Winter-Spring 2002).

(23) “A Continent for the Taking: The Tragedy and Hope of Africa,”
Howard French, 12 April 2005, Vintage, New York, NY.

(24) “The Exception to the Rulers: Exposing Oily Polititians, War
Profiteers, and the Media That Love Them,” Amy Goodman, David Goodman,
2004, Hyperion Press, New York, NY.

(25) See: “Friends in High Places: The Bechtel Story.”

(26) “Stolen Goods: Coltan and Conflict in the Democratic Republic of
the Congo,” Dena Montague, SAIS Review, Vol. XXII, No. 1,
(Winter-Spring 2002); Named and Shamed, Ruud Leeuw:
http://www.ruudleeuw.com/vbout17.htm .

(27) “Rwanda’s Secret War: U.S.-Backed Destabilization of Central
Africa,” keith harmon snow, 12 December 2004:
http://traprockpeace.org/keith_snow_rwanda.html .

(28) “Proxy Wars in Central Africa: Profits, Propaganda, and Luxury
Goods for the White World – Pacification, Rape, and Slavery for the
Blacks,” keith harmon snow, World War 3 Report, Issue No. 100, 19 Jul. 2004: http://ww3report.com/proxy.html .

(29) “The U.S. (Under)mining Job of Africa,”
http://cryptome.org/us-africa.wm.htm .

(30) “Genocide and Covert Operations in Africa, 1993-1999,” United
States One Hundred Seventh Congress. Subcommittee on International Operations and Human Rights. First Session. 17 May 2001. comp. Centre for Research on Globalization.
http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/MAD111A.html .

(31) Private interview, keith harmon snow, eastern DRC, July 2005.

(32) “Corporate Soldiers: The U.S. Government Privatizes Force,” Daniel Burton and Wayne Madsen:
http://www.totse.com/en/politics/us_military/162741.html .

(33) Confidential report, received, February 2006.

(34) “The Controversial Commando,” Pratap Chatterjee, 14 Jun. 2004:
http://www.guerrillanews.com/human_rights/doc4644.html ;
”CSC/DynCorp.” Corporation Watch:
http://www.corpwatch.org/print_article.php?list=type&type=18 ;
”Crossing the Rubicon,” Michael Ruppert, 2004, New Society
Publishers, Gabriola Island, BC, Canada: p. 79-80.

(35) “The Use of Rwanda’s External Debt (1990-1994): The
Responsibility of Donors and Creditors,” Michel Chossudovsky, Pierre
Galand, 30 March 2004:
http://www.globalresearch.ca/PrintArticle.php?articleId=364 .

(36) “Rwanda’s Secret War: U.S.-Backed Destabilization of Central
Africa,” keith harmon snow, World War Four Report, 12 Dec. 2004:
www.WorldWar4Report.com .

(37) “Proxy Wars in Central Africa: Profits, Propaganda, and Luxury
Goods for the White World—Pacification, Rape, and Slavery for the
Blacks,” keith harmon snow, World War 3 Report, No. 100, 19 Jul. 2004:
http://ww3report.com/proxy.html .

(38) “Report on Events in Bukavu, South Kivu: May 26 to June 9, 2004,” Network of Women for the Defense of Rights and of Peace,



Film de la semaine: ZEITGEIST

10 11 2007

english con subtítulos en español

Et voici une adaptation française de la première partie faite par James:


Notes:

It is not the «central banking system» which is a problem as such but the fractional reserve banking system. The USA is a notable exception but most countries’ central bank (including the UK now) is owned by the governement and redistributes its profites to the governement.

Warburg = Warburg Pincus + M.M. Warburg&Co + UBS

Rockefeller = Exxon (ex-Standard Oil) + JP Morgan Chase

John Pierpont Morgan = JP Morgan Chase + Morgan Stanley + Deutsche Bank +USX (ex US-Steel)

I.G. Farben = Agfa+BASF+Bayer+Aventis

Washington Post= 18% Berkshire Hathaway, 7% JP Morgan, Barclay’s 2% etc.

New York Times Co. = 22% T. Rowe Price, 7% Morgan Stanley, 10% Fidelity Inv., 5% Barclay’s, etc.

Time magazine = Time Warner

The complete interview with Aaron Russo can be found here: http://video.google.ca/videoplay?docid=5420753830426590918

Clarifications from the makers of the film:

15:25-15:27
The December 25th birthday denoted to Jesus Christ, as stated by the narration, is not written in the Bible, although it is practiced traditionally. However, this date, known in the Pagan world for the birth of the ‘Sun God’ at the Winter Solstice, is in fact implied by the astronomical symbolism during the birth sequence.
More on this point is addressed in the Interactive Transcript.

53:56-53:59
The text reads:
[« Collapse Characteristics of World T. Center 1, 2 & 7 fit the Controlled Demolition Model Exactly »]
-WTC 7 fits the C.D. model exactly, however Towers 1 and 2 were, in fact, EXPLOSIONS rather than implosions. The means of the demolition of Towers 1 and 2 would be considered « unconventional ». The free fall speed; collapse « into its own footprint » and other such goals of controlled demolition, are however confluent.

1:04:09 -1:04:16
The video here is of the Madrid Bombings of 2004, not the London Bombings of 2005.
It is used as a creative expression and example.

1:09:22- 1:11:05
These extracts from the JFK speech entitled « The President and the Press » from April 27, 1961,
are used as a dramatized introduction to Part 3, and are not exactly in context with the original intent
of JFK’s speech. Though President Kennedy does indeed address the peril of secrecy, denouncing

« secret societies », « secret oaths » and « secret proceedings » in his statements, the latter section is
related to his views on Communism and not these societies.

1:17:14-1:17:20:
The narration states regarding W.Wilson and the Federal Reserve Act:
« Years Later Woodrow Wilson wrote in regret… »
– The notion of « years later » is incorrect. The quote is taken from his book
« The New Freedom » and it was written the same year he signed the Federal Reserve Act.

1:23:35 -1:23:38
There are 2 errors stated in the narration, one computational, the other technical.
1) It should say: (correction in italics) « Roughly 25% of the average worker’s income is taken via this tax »
[According the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average US salary is about $36,000
which translates to a 25% Federal Income Tax. * 35% is the high tax bracket ]

2) This 25% is not a flat tax against the entire income of that single person for the year.
Rather, the tax is « graduated ». In other words, it is a generalization to say « 25% is taxed », where as there are 2 tax rate brackets under this one, and income is taxed based on each bracket combined, in a graduated manner. Consequently, the statement « you work 3 months out of the year… » is not accurate as it would be less than that in light of the « graduated » nature.

1:27.35-1:27:40:
There is a statement error in the narration. It should say: (correction in italics)
-« J.D. Rockefeller made 200 million dollars off of it [WWI]. That’s about 1.9 Billion by today’s standards »
[It was stated as « 1.9 Trillion », which was misspoken and intended to have been read « Billion », not « Trillion ».
Note: Based on the Consumer Price Index (not the GDP used initially), this conversion can also be figured
at about 3 Billion dollars]



Courte histoire de la CIA

9 10 2007

Voici une amusante application flash que j’ai trouvé sur le site de Arte. Cliquez ici pour démarrer l’application flash.



Image du jour

4 10 2007

Le réseau Bush. Cliquez pour agrandir.le réseau Bush



The Iron Triangle – The Carlyle Group Exposed

23 09 2007

The Iron Triangle – The Carlyle Group Exposed

(anglais sous-titré néerlandais)

Partie I

Partie II

Partie III

Partie IV Partie V



Image du jour

20 09 2007

Membres Bilderberg 2007

Notez que la liste diffère de celle que l’on peut trouver ici. Je ne pourrais dire laquelle est plus exacte. Par exemple la liste ci-haut dit que David Rockerfeller n’y a pas assisté alors que indymedia marseille dit qu’il a assisté. Notez la présence de Philip Zelikow qui a dirigé la commission sur le 11 septembre.



Carlyle, les Desmarais et le toujours corrompu Sarkozy

13 09 2007

http://fr.altermedia.info/images/CarlyleGroup2.jpgJe vous présente ici un premier court métrage de James André. Malgré certaines erreurs et inexactitudes le vidéo est très intéressant. Comme erreurs il y a par exemple que la guerre en Iraq coûte 400 milliards de dollars et non pas 400 millions, et cela represente plus de 1000$ par étasunien(ne)s mais beaucoup mais toujours beaucoup moins d’un million de dollars par personne comme il l’affirme, . Une autre affirmation qu’il fait qui n’a aucun sense est que «Power corporation […] a des liens directe avec la guerre en Iraq, c’est pourquoi le Canada est en Afghanistan»: premièrement il n’y a aucune implication logique entre l’affirmation que Power corportation (PCC) soit impliqué avec la guerre en Iraq et la guerre en Afghanistan; deuxièmement, la prémisse est fausse, s’il n’y était que de PCC il n’y aurait pas eu de guerre en Iraq car PCC possède une partie de Total et Total avait avantage à ce que Saddam reste parce qu’elle avait signé des contrats pétroliers (contrats annulés après l’invasion étasunienne) avec lui (Total avait presque le monopole des champs Irakiens), d’ailleur c’est pourquoi le Canada et la France s’opposèrent si fortement à la guerre en Iraq (Chrétien et Martin étant liés à PCC et Total étant une compagnie «française»). En revanche il soulève de très bon points dont entre autres les deux suivants:

[kml_flashembed movie="http://youtube.com/v/LYdgXCo4aYE" width="425" height="350" wmode="transparent" /]

Notez que ce n’est pas seulement James et moins qui avons noté ces faits, une recherche rapide sur internet nous révèle les articles suivants (dont un du très «mainstream» «Le Monde») étayant ces deux même points: Le Grand soir Tendences Les Affaires Le Monde

(cliquez sur les images pour agrandir)
Pourcentages de participation au 31 décembre 2006.(1) Par l’entremise de sa filiale en propriété exclusive, Power Financial Europe B.V., la Corporation Financière Power détenait une participation de 50 % dans Parjointco N.V., et Parjointco détenait 61,4 % des droits de vote et une participation de 54,1 % dans Pargesa Holding S.A.(2) Participation, directe et indirecte, de 65 % des droits de vote.OrganigrammeLe capital de Suez est réparti comme suit:

Répartition du capital par nature d’actionnaire au 31 Janvier 2007

capital repartition

3puces.gifPosition des principaux actionnaires au 31 Janvier 2007

 

principaux actionnaires


3puces.gifDonnées sur le capital au 31 août 2007

Nombre d’actions existantes
1 296 893 026 actions

Nombre de droits de vote
1 446 286 565 droits de vote

ADDENDUM 2:

En fait les Desmarais contrôlent plus de 5% de Total S.A. et non pas 3% comme les tableau ci-dessus pourraient laisser croire: en plus des 3,8% détenus à travers le GBL, il y a 1,3% détenu par Kermadec filiale à 100% de CNP elle même détenue et contrôlée par la famille Frère alliés des Desmarais et en plus de ça les Desmarais Sr. détient directement à titre personnel 4000 actions de Total et Desmarais Jr. 2000 actions. En tout cela fait 5,23% du capital et 5,09% des droits de votes de Total S.A.




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